Vietnam Highlights Need for Nations to Abide by UN Charter

A Vietnam diplomat has asserted that all nations have the responsibility to comply with the UN Charter and global regulations.

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Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang, Vietnam's Permanent Representative to the United Nations. Photo: VNA
Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang, Vietnam’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations. Photo: VNA

To promote effective multilateralism, all countries have an obligation to adhere to the principles laid out in the UN Charter and international law, with a particular emphasis on respecting the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of states. The use and threat of force should be avoided, and all disputes should be resolved peacefully through legal and diplomatic processes, according to Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang, Vietnam’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

Giang addressed the ministerial-level discussion on “Effective Multilateralism through the Defense of the Principles of the United Nations Charter and the 1970 Declaration on Principles of International Law” at the United Nations Security Council in New York on April 24, according to the Vietnam News Agency and Voice of Vietnam.

He emphasized the significance of utilizing all available resources and opportunities to avert conflicts and achieve solutions that will bring peace and stability.

Multilateralism can only be effective when all participants come to the table with an attitude of goodwill, mutual respect, and understanding, in a spirit of openness, inclusiveness, and equality, the ambassador emphasized.

The UN and its key agencies within the system must continue to take the lead in promoting collaboration, dialogue, and solidarity, according to him.

Vietnam has expressed its strong support for the role of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in ensuring respect for the UN Charter and the rule of law, as affirmed in the January 2020 Security Council Presidential Statement proposed by Vietnam, according to a Vietnamese diplomat.

The statement emphasized the importance of augmenting efforts to protect civilians in conflict areas and other vulnerable groups, and reaffirmed the UNSC’s commitment to upholding the principles of international law and the Charter of the United Nations.

On the occasion, Ambassador Giang highlighted the significant efforts and contributions made by Vietnam and ASEAN in tackling global and regional challenges, thereby helping to uphold peace, stability, and prosperity in the region and around the world.

At the discussion, which drew representatives from 50 United Nations Security Council (UNSC) member states, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres underscored the importance of considering the principles of the UN Charter and international law when addressing the complexities and challenges of the international situation. He emphasized the importance of respecting the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political independence of all countries; abstaining from interference in internal affairs; preventing and peacefully settling conflicts and disputes; and eliminating all forms of discrimination.

Illustrative image. Photo: VNA
At an informal meeting of the 77th UN General Assembly in New York on March 16. Photo: VNA

and promoting the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

In his address to the 2023 UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Forum on Financing for Development, Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang emphasized the importance of multilateralism in addressing the current global multidimensional crisis and securing the financial resources needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. He underscored that promoting the role of multilateralism is essential in this regard.

Giang outlined that, in order to effectively tackle the current crisis, the international community must strengthen the multilateral system and ensure that the necessary resources are available. He further noted that a stronger and more efficient multilateral system is essential to guarantee the effective and fair distribution of resources, both domestically and internationally. He also highlighted the importance of collaboration and dialogue between countries in order to maximize the effectiveness of the multilateral system and enhance its efficiency.

He urged the international community to take more action to reduce the financial disparities between countries, and proposed that the G7 and G20 nations expedite their implementation of pledges to support developing countries in obtaining preferential financial resources for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and responding to climate change.

It is also essential to disseminate knowledge and insights about recent regulations such as the global minimum tax rate and carbon credits, to transfer technology, and to develop capacity in developing countries for digital transformation and green transition, Giang emphasized.

He asserted that developing countries must take it upon themselves to enhance their capability in successfully activating internal resources, connecting SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) to their growth plans, enhancing tax administration, and guaranteeing national financial stability.

Vietnam is eager to play its part in collective efforts to realize the 2030 Agenda through the advancement of South-South and tripartite cooperation, declared the diplomat.

In his compelling opening address, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres implored the G20 countries to expeditiously devise a stimulus package worth a minimum of USD 500 billion per annum for the implementation of the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), thereby amplifying the scope of long-term financing and offering incentives to all countries in need.

Leaders from the United Nations and various countries have proposed a number of strategies to increase the financial resources available for development, including monetary and fiscal policies to resolve urgent problems, international cooperation on taxation, and financial protection for sustainable industrial transformation and climate change mitigation.

They unanimously adopted a political declaration emphasizing their commitment to ensuring financial security that serves development.

Hannah Nguyen