|Vietnam’s Constitution contains exclusive principles on human rights. Photo: vtv.vn
In an interview granted to the Vietnam News Agency (VNA), the Russian expert noted that Vietnam’s human rights policies aim to fully promote people’s potential, and that the country has made marked progress in the implementation of the policies in different aspects.
Vietnam is a role model for other countries in this regard, he said.
According to Trofimchuk, Vietnam’s Constitution contains exclusive principles on human rights, and Doi Moi has facilitated their full implementation.
The expert also highlighted the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) in ensuring human rights in Vietnam which, he said, has been combined with economic, external affairs and humanitarian aspects.
The Vietnamese Party and State have fulfilled tasks of promoting gender equality and ensuring human rights for disadvantaged people in a timely manner, Trofimchuk continued.
|Grigory Trofimchuk, Chairman of the Council of Experts of the Eurasian Research Fund. Photo: VNA
The expert commended Vietnam’s seriousness in ensuring human rights during the two years of the Covid-19 pandemic, saying the country shared its experience in the pandemic combat with the world.
He attributed Vietnam’s good economic growth in the context of obstacles like the suspended logistics supply chain to the effective measures and sound decisions adopted by the Party and the State.
Vietnam is also coordinating with the international community in protecting the environment, ensuring human rights and fulfilling humanitarian tasks, including those in South Sudan.
The country has proven itself as a reliable member of the international community in seeking solutions to serious and tough issues, he said, stressing that Vietnam’s contributions should be acknowledged by the world.
Vietnam climbs two places in human development index
|Vietnam has seen steady progress in all three dimensions of the HDI since the 1990s. Photo: People’s Army Newspaper
Vietnam climbed two places from the 117 out of the 189 countries in 2019 to the 115 out of the 191 countries in 2021 in the global 2021/22 Human Development Report (HDR) freshly released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The country’s Human Development Index (HDI) value of 0.703 in 2021 was essentially unchanged from the 0.704 in 2019, Nhan dan (People) reported.
According to the UNDP, unlike most of the developing countries, Vietnam managed to sustain economic growth during the most difficult years of the Covid-19 pandemic. Although the average pace of growth slowed, and vulnerable groups and individuals suffered periods of real hardship, a major reversal of human development progress was avoided.
Vietnam has been a member of the High Human Development Group since 2019. The HDI combines gross national income per capita, life expectancy at birth and mean and expected years of schooling into a single index to provide a generalized measure of human development.
The nation has seen steady progress in all three dimensions of the HDI since the 1990s. The rate of increase in the HDI has slowed over the past decade, mainly because it is now a richer country with relatively high levels of life expectancy and educational attainment for its level of income./.
Vietnam is running for election to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in the 2023-2025 tenure with a hope to contribute more to the world’s joint efforts to promote and protect human rights.
It is honoured to be nominated by ASEAN countries with high consensus to become the bloc’s candidate for a seat in the UNHRC – the UN’s inter-governmental agency comprising of 47 members in charge of promoting and protecting human rights around the globe.
In 2013, Vietnam was elected for the first time to the council for the 2014 to 2016 term with 184/192 votes, the highest among new member states (14 new members).
At that time, Vietnamese initiatives in the 2014 to 2016 term were appreciated by the international community, typically when the country co-ordinated with other sides to deal with issues of ensuring the labour rights of people with disabilities. This is along with ensuring a safe working environment for workers at sea and adopting a resolution on the impact of climate change on children’s rights, and improving education in the prevention and combat of trafficking in women and girls.