Over 500,000 Hectares of Land Cleared from Bombs, Mines in 2010-2023

The Vietnam National Mine Action Center (VNMAC) has effectively managed multiple projects and successfully leveraged international support, resulting in the clearance of over 500,000 hectares of land contaminated with bombs and mines between 2010 and 2023.

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Over the course of the 2010-2023 period, more than 500,000 hectares of bomb-and mine-contaminated land have been cleared. This photo depicts a scene from MAG Vietnam’s clearing operation.

The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs has reported that the National Mine Action Program (Program 504) has covered 74,000 hectares. Projects for socio-economic development have covered 300,000 hectares, while humanitarian demining projects have covered 111,240 hectares.

Notable non-refundable aid projects from foreign governments include two mine clearance projects funded by Japan in the central provinces of Quang Tri and Ha Tinh. These projects have cleared a total of 3,240 hectares with funding exceeding 5.5 million USD.

The Republic of Korea (RoK) has also provided 20 million USD in aid to support the removal of landmines and unexploded ordnance in Vietnam. Their project focuses on the central province of Quang Binh and Binh Dinh.

Foreign non-governmental organizations from the United States, Norway, England, Germany, and Australia have funded several capacity building projects and provided technical support.

The VNMAC had previously advised the Ministry of National Defense on a successful project to create a map of land contaminated with bombs and mines in all 63 cities and provinces. This map was released in March 2018 and has provided a foundation for ministries, agencies, and localities to develop strategies and allocate resources for socio-economic development.

The center plans to further enhance research and development activities, particularly in building processes, standards, and international cooperation in bomb and mine clearance. Additionally, they will work towards completing the national database system to accelerate this important work.

Statistics show that approximately 800,000 tons of unexploded ordnance still remain scattered across the country. Mines and bombs cover approximately 6.1 million hectares or 18.82% of the national area.

Since 1975, more than 40,000 Vietnamese have lost their lives and 60,000 have been injured due to landmines left over from the war. In central provinces such as Quang Binh, Binh Dinh, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, and Quang Ngai, there are over 22,800 landmine victims, with 10,540 fatalities and 12,260 injuries.

Rosy Huong