Approved National Program for the Protection and Development of Aquatic Resources

Vietnam will conduct an investigation and assessment of the biodiversity, aquatic resources, and habitats of aquatic species in its waters, which encompass deep sea regions, shallow waters, and underground water areas. This endeavor falls under the national program on the protection and development of aquatic resources, which was recently approved by the Prime Minister and is set to be carried out until 2030.


The program aims to investigate and assess 100% of natural lakes, large reservoirs, and main river systems for aquatic species resources and habitats. It is expected that aquatic resource reserves will increase by over 5% compared to the results of the 2016-2020 investigation and assessment period.

In addition, 100% of marine protected areas and artificial habitats for marine aquatic species will be managed and operated in accordance with the Law on Fisheries. Furthermore, 60% of localities nationwide will implement co-management to protect aquatic resources in conjunction with the development of new-style rural areas and eco-tourism.

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In recent years, Vietnam’s aquaculture industry has experienced rapid growth in both area and output, providing high-quality products for domestic consumption and export. This industry has played a significant role in increasing income and generating employment opportunities for farmers.

Statistics indicate that Vietnam produced nearly 9.27 million tonnes of aquatic products in 2023, with the country’s aquatic export earnings estimated at 9.2 billion USD for the year.

Aquaculture in Vietnam encompasses approximately 1.3 million hectares of inland ponds and 9.5 million cubic meters of offshore cage farming, resulting in a total output exceeding 5.4 million tonnes.

Despite its growth, aquaculture remains fragmented, posing challenges in terms of environmental control and disease prevention. Moreover, inadequate farming infrastructure in certain areas fails to meet the demands of industry development.

The program aims to adopt practical solutions to conserve, protect, utilize, and regenerate aquatic resources and ecosystems in a reasonable and effective manner.

Special attention will be given to enhancing legal regulations for the management, protection, and development of aquatic resources. This includes the formulation and implementation of policies to diversify livelihoods for communities residing in and around marine protected areas, as well as fishing communities in coastal regions.

Mechanisms and policies will be established to mobilize and effectively utilize both domestic and foreign resources in the conservation, protection, regeneration, and development of aquatic resources and ecosystems. Furthermore, there will be an emphasis on attracting international resources and fostering cooperation to exchange experiences and provide training for the development of high-quality human resources in this field.

The program also underscores the importance of supporting the implementation of co-management in the protection of aquatic resources, enhancing coordination mechanisms among relevant agencies to ensure effective inspection, control, detection, and handling of violations of the Law on Fisheries in marine and inshore areas.