Violence and hooliganism have long been features of Indonesian football, especially in places such as Jakarta, the capital, but Saturday’s disaster in a small town in Java has thrown a spotlight on the problem.

“My family and I didn’t think it would turn out like this,” said Endah Wahyuni, the elder sister of two boys, Ahmad Cahyo, 15, and Muhammad Farel, 14, who died after being caught in the melee.

A damaged car is pictured following a riot after the league BRI Liga 1 football match between Arema vs Persebaya at Kanjuruhan Stadium, Malang, East Java province, Indonesia, October 2, 2022, in this photo taken by Antara Foto. Antara Foto/Ari Bowo Sucipto/via Reuters

A damaged car is pictured following a riot after the league BRI Liga 1 football match between Arema vs Persebaya at Kanjuruhan Stadium, Malang, East Java province, Indonesia, October 2, 2022, in this photo taken by Antara Foto. Antara Foto/Ari Bowo Sucipto/via Reuters

“They loved soccer, but never watched Arema live at Kanjuruhan stadium, this was their first time,” she added at her brothers’ funeral on Sunday, referring to the home side they backed.

The boys were among 17 children killed, said state news agency Antara, citing figures from the women’s empowerment and child protection ministry.

“Seventeen children died and seven were treated, but there is a possibility that could increase,” said Nahar, a ministry official.

Ribbon-shaped candles and petals are pictured during a vigil, after a riot and stampede following a soccer match between Arema vs Persebaya in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, October 2, 2022, in this photo taken by Antara Foto. Antara Foto/Nyoman Hendra Wibowo/ via Reuters

Ribbon-shaped candles and petals are pictured during a vigil, after a riot and stampede following a soccer match between Arema vs Persebaya in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, October 2, 2022, in this photo taken by Antara Foto. Antara Foto/Nyoman Hendra Wibowo/ via Reuters

Indonesian daily Koran Tempo ran a black front page on Monday, centred on the words “Our Football Tragedy”, printed in red along with a list of the dead.

Saturday’s deadly crush came as panicking spectators tried to escape the overpacked stadium after police fired tear gas to disperse fans from the losing home side who ran onto the pitch at the end of the match.

Home side Arema FC had lost the match 3-2 to Persebaya Surabaya, though authorities had said tickets were not issued to Persebaya fans over security concerns.

Arema FC supporters chant slogans during a vigil to pay condolence to the victims of a riot and stampede following a soccer match between Arema FC and Persebaya Surabaya teams, outside the Kanjuruhan Stadium, in Malang, Indonesia, October 2, 2022. Photo: Reuters

Arema FC supporters chant slogans during a vigil to pay condolence to the victims of a riot and stampede following a soccer match between Arema FC and Persebaya Surabaya teams, outside the Kanjuruhan Stadium, in Malang, Indonesia, October 2, 2022. Photo: Reuters

The incident was a “dark day for all involved”, said FIFA, the governing body for world soccer, which has asked Indonesian football authorities for a report on the incident.

Its safety regulations say firearms or “crowd control gas” should be used at matches.

Police and sport officials have being sent to the city of Malang to investigate an incident that ranks among the world’s deadliest stadium disasters.

Arema football club supporters pray during a vigil outside the Kanjuruhan stadium to pay condolence to the victims, after a riot and stampede following soccer match between Arema vs Persebaya outside in Malang, East Java province, Indonesia, October 2, 2022. Photo: Reuters

Arema football club supporters pray during a vigil outside the Kanjuruhan stadium to pay condolence to the victims, after a riot and stampede following soccer match between Arema vs Persebaya outside in Malang, East Java province, Indonesia, October 2, 2022. Photo: Reuters

“All those responsible should be held accountable for this disaster, regardless of their status or position,” Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director of New York-based Human Rights Watch said on Monday.

“It’s not enough for the national police and the Football Association of Indonesia to conduct their own investigation because they may be tempted to downplay or undermine full accountability for officials involved,” he added in a statement.