Diplomacy Helps Enhance Vietnam’s Position in the World Arena

Since its establishment on August 28, 1945, Vietnamese diplomacy has contributed greatly to the fight for national independence and reunification, as well as to national renovation, global integration and national defence, which helps consolidate and enhance Vietnam's position in the world arena.

Embarking on the renovation stage, the Vietnamese Party and State have defined tasks in the new period for the diplomacy sector, i.e. to create a stable and peaceful environment for national economic development. From being embargoed politically and economically in the past, to date Vietnam has diplomatic relations with 180 nations, and economic, commercial and investment relations with over 220 countries and territories. Its relations with neighbouring countries, regions, developed countries and leading political and economic centres, with traditional friends and potential partners, have constantly developed and become further deepened, stable and sustainable.

Vietnam is an active and responsible member of the international community. National diplomacy has contributed a great deal to popularising the country’s images and people, providing favourable conditions for the Vietnamese overseas to contribute to building the homeland, and consolidating the great national unity.

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong paid an official visit to the US (July 2015). Photo: Tri Dung/VNA

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong paid an official visit to China (April 2015). Photo: Tri Dung/VNA

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong during his official visit to Russia (November 2014). Photo: Tri Dung/VNA

UK Prime Minister David Cameron paid an official visit to Vietnam (July 2015). Photo: Duc Tam/VNA

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon paid an official visit to Vietnam (May 2015). Photo: Nguyen Khang/VNA

President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso on his official visit to Vietnam (August 2014). Photo: Duc Tam/VNA
Deputy Prime Minister/Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh during his official visit to the US (October 2014). Photo: AFP/VNA
Defence Minister Phung Quang Thanh and his Chinese counterpart Chang Wanquan attend the second Vietnam-China border
defence friendship exchange in Lao Cai City. Photo: Duc Tam/VNA

The work on territorial boundaries has achieved significant results, of which the most notable one is that for the first time in the relations between Vietnam and China, the two countries have completed the demarcation of planting border landmarks and signed related documents.

On August 28, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh signed a decree to establish the provisional government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, which consisted of 15 ministries, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since then, August 28th has become a Traditional Day of the Vietnamese diplomacy sector.

Upholding its role as a pace setter and bringing into full play its power of political and cultural diplomacy, Vietnam’s diplomacy sector has paved the way for, and expanded in-depth, the country’s cooperative relations with other countries and territories across the world. It has taken the lead in opening new markets and cooperative areas with foreign partners.

It can be said that never before has Vietnam had wide and equal international cooperative relations with other countries on all continents as it has nowadays. Vietnam’s role and position have been further enhanced in the international arena.

Nowadays, people across the world know about Vietnam, a nation which not only loves peace, is staunch and brave in fighting in war, but also is successful in its renovation cause, and has potential in economic development, and active in taking part in international activities for peace, cooperation and development.

Of the country’s proud achievements, national diplomacy is a worthy contribution based on the close coordination with ministries, branches, localities and businesses in implementing effectively the three pillars of external relations, i.e. political-economic-cultural diplomacy, which is combined with the work of the Vietnamese people living abroad.

State President Truong Tan Sang attends the Asian-African Summit in Indonesia (April 2015). Photo: Nguyen Khang/VNA

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung attended the 26th ASEAN Summit in Malaysia (April 2015). Photo: Duc Tam/VNA
In March 2015, Vietnam successfully hosted the 132nd Inter-Parliamentary Union Meeting (IPU – 132). Photo: VNA

Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung attends the 6th Ayeyawadi-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS 6)
Summit in Myanmar (June 2015). Photo: Duc Tam/VNA

According to Professor, Dr. Vu Van Hien, Deputy Chairman of the Party Central Theoretical Council, in implementing the correct policies and guidelines on external relations, to date Vietnam had established relations of strategic partnership with 15 countries and comprehensive partnership with 11 countries. Vietnam has developed relations with all its partners, especially key partners, and made the framework of their established relations become more practical.

“The official visits made by Vietnamese Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong to China and the United States, and those by other Party and State leaders to many countries across the world, along with visits to Vietnam by heads of states and leaders of foreign countries, are valid proof for Vietnam’s increasing role and its firmly confirmed position in the international arena,” stressed Prof. Dr. Vu Van Hien.

In his recently published article, “Vietnamese diplomacy upholds glorious traditions, worthily contributing to the cause of national construction and defense”, Deputy Prime Minister/Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh emphasised: “Throughout 70 years in service of the country, Vietnamese diplomacy has not only recorded great achievements, but also built up valuable and glorious traditions of the sector. The foremost and most notable one is being loyal to the Party and working for the interest of the nation. The entire diplomacy sector is well aware of, and clearly defines that being loyal to the Party and working for the interest of the nation is the principle guideline for all activities, no matter what situation and condition those activities take place”.

To date, Vietnam has established diplomatic relations with more than 180 countries and leading international institutions. Vietnam has built Strategic Partnerships with 15 countries and Comprehensive Partnerships with 11 countries.