Conquering Mt Cao Xiem, the roof of Quang Ninh

When it's safe to travel again, you could do worse than a trip to Mount Cao Xiem in Binh Lieu District, Quang Ninh Province, to indulge in the wild beauty of the mountains.

Conquering Mt Cao Xiem, the roof of Quang Ninh
Mt Cao Xiem peak has an altitude of 1,429m above sea level.  — Photo

Located in Luc Hon Commune, Mt Cao Xiem is not a hugely popular tourist destination due to the tricky terrain on the mountain considered the roof of the province.

With an altitude of 1,429m above sea level, in any village of Binh Lieu you can see the imposing mountain peak. On harvest days, local people look up at Mt Cao Xiem to see when rain is on the way so they know when to rapidly collect their rice and maize.

Few people have reached the top of this mountain, giving Cao Xiem a strange and mysterious allure.

To discover Mt Cao Xiem peak, we had to walk about 7km, mainly on trails along the slopes with lots of rocky mountains covered with clouds year-round and through immense grass hills.

There are three ways to reach the peak. The first is from Cao Thang Village in Luc Hon Commune. The second is from Luc Ngu Village in Huc Dong Commune, and the third is from Ngan Meo Village in Luc Hon Commune. We chose the first method and parked our car at a local house and walked for about 1 hour and 30 minutes to reach the top.

Conquering Mt Cao Xiem, the roof of Quang Ninh
View from the top of Cao Xiem mountain. — Photo

During the journey to the top of Mt Cao Xiem, we had a chance to see the villages of the Dao and San Chi ethnic minority people in Binh Lieu District, where the houses have fascinating architecture.

Following the path, going through the vast forests, we saw beautiful wildflowers and ate wild fruit, giving us an energy boost.

After passing through immense pine forests, steep slopes and streams, a green steppe with very fresh air appeared.

On this grassland, we stopped to enjoy the harmony with mountains and forests, with our journey to conquer the mountain at the halfway point.

Continuing the journey, we traversed a pine forest for about 2km, steep mountain slopes and winding trails dotted with big rocks.

Conquering Mt Cao Xiem, the roof of Quang Ninh
Large twin rocks on the top of Mt Cao Xiem. — Photo

On foggy days, this road is the biggest challenge in the journey to conquer Mt Cao Xiem. You will see clouds entwined with each step. Because of dense fog, it’s hard to see more than 10m apart, so everyone needs to stick to each other to not get lost.


On beautiful days, everything becomes easier. While walking you can stop at each stage to rest and admire the scenery and enjoy the cool breeze and fresh air of the northeastern mountains.

The journey was arduous and we were thrilled to reach the top. Standing on the highest peak of the Cao Xiem mountain range, we could see a large area.

From the east of the mountain top, we could look beyond Hai Ha and Dam Ha districts to the Gulf of Tonkin. From the west, we could see over the high mountains between the Vietnam-China border. 

From the south, we saw Binh Lieu valley and beyond to the low hills in Tien Yen District. From the north, we could see the imposing Cao Ly and Quang Nam Chau mountains.

On the top of Cao Xiem, there are still trenches and roads opened up over the mountain. Here, in the past, a flag was planted showing the sovereignty of Vietnam. For this reason, the San Chi ethnic people call Cao Xiem mountain “Kèo Kăm Khây” (mountain of raising flag), while the Tày people call it “Khau Cẳm Cờ”.

In 2017, Binh Lieu District built a shiny triangular landmark on the top of Mt Cao Xiem.

When standing on the peak, we also admired the natural stone walls lasting kilometres, which have been called a “miniature Great Wall” of Binh Lieu.

Conquering Mt Cao Xiem, the roof of Quang Ninh
The road to the top of Cao Xiem mountain. — Photo

According to local people, these stone walls were created by the people of Luc Hon and Huc Dong communes to divide their territory and prevent their livestock from wandering off.

There is another story that, in the past, in Luc Hon and Huc Dong communes, there were a couple in love that they often sneaked up the mountain to date. Their parents and villagers found out about them and forbade them from seeing each other. To avoid the same thing happening again, the people of the two communes built the stone fence.

Leaving the peak, we saw the intersection between heaven and earth of the northeastern border area of the country and wished that land would forever be fresh and peaceful.

Source: Vietnam News